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Position:List of Measures»Transport Control-Public and non-motorized transportation»Bicycle Access and Facilities Improvements

Transport Control
Bicycle Access and Facilities Improvements
Source Category Pollutants Related Authorities Cost Summary
Transport Control-Public and non-motorized transportation Key ozone precursors, ROG and NOx, PM, air toxics and greenhouse gases Local Government, Department of Transport TBD

Thismeasure will expand bicycle facilities serving employment sites, educationaland cultural facilities, residential areas, shopping districts, and other activitycenters. Typical improvements include bike lanes, routes, paths, and bicycleparking facilities


This measure will reduce emissions of the key ozone precursors, ROG andNOx by sustaining and improving bicycle access and facilities. In addition, themeasure will reduce emissions of particulate matter, air toxics and greenhousegases.


Bicycles are aninexpensive and widely available type of zero emissions vehicle. Bicycles are wellsuited to a widerange of trips in urban settings. In urban contexts, bicycles compete well withcars and transit in terms of doortodoor travel time. Bikes can be combined with publictransit for longer trips and transbay trips. Cities such as Palo Alto, Davis,Seattle, and Portland have demonstrated that bicycle use can be integrated intolocal transportation networks.

Improved bicyclingfacilities increase perceived and actual safety of travel by bicycle as well asits overall attractiveness, encouraging more travel by this mode. In addition, improved bicycle facilities can encourage parkandride users to shift modesto bikeandride. Bicycle improvements encourage mode shift for shorter trips, whichare a majority of total personal trips.

Implementation ofbike sharing programs is on the rise around the globe. A number of cities, suchas Paris and Montreal, have successfully implemented bike sharing programs.

Expected Results

Emission Reduction

Pollutants (tons per day)












This measure willalso reduce emissions of the following pollutants by less than 0.01 tons perday: ROG, NOX, PM2.5, PM10, NH3 (ammonia), benzene, 1,3 butadiene,formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde.

Exposure Reduction

This measure will reduce regionwide population exposure to air pollutantsbased on the estimated reduction in emissions.


  • Improvedsafety/reduced bicyclemotor vehicle accidents.

  • Improved publichealth/reduced obesity.

  • Reduced travelcosts.

Emission ReductionTradeoffs:

None identified.

Related Authorities

Local government, Department of Transport

Implementation Action


2012: $22.5 million

2020: $8 million

Monitoring Mechanisms

Track new miles of the Regional Bikeway Network constructed and projectsfunded through the BFP.


1.      MTC’s Transportation 2035 Plan:

2.      MTC’s Regional Bicycle Plan forthe San Francisco Bay Area 2009 Update:

3.      MTC’s Safety Toolbox at

4.      Krizek, Kevin, et al 2006.NCHRP Report 552: Guidelines for Analysis of Investments inBicycle Facilities.Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board.:

5.      League of American Bicyclistsreport on the City of Davis Bicycle Plan:

  6. League of American Bicyclistsreport on the City of Portland Bicycle Plan: